The Glasbey lookup table (LUT) is a color table structured in a maximally discontinuous manner. That is, adjacent color bins are chosen to be as distinct from one another as possible.
Like other LUTs, it is available from the Image › Lookup Tables menu.
The LUT called “glasbey” uses white at the first index, whereas “glasbey inverted” starts with black.
The Glasbey LUT has numerous uses. It can be helpful when coloring a “labeling” of integer-coded regions, since each region will then appear obviously distinct:
Glasbey can also be used to illustrate otherwise-subtle phenomena such as JPEG compression artifacts. Here is a comparison of the Boats sample image before and after being resaved as a JPEG:
The Glasbey LUT is based on the publication: