Fourier Ring Correlation
Olivier Burri, Alex Herbert
The plugin was moved to a new location, to help sort our plugins.
Following information kindly provided by Alex Herbert and Miguel Lermo, we have proceeded to correct the following bugs
- FRC_ Plugin was added to package ch.epfl.biop.frc (instead of no package)
- POM was updated to use latest pom-scijava version
- FIRE number is now computed correctly by checking image size
- Images are ensured to be a multiple of two by adding one pixel of padding as needed
- Angles are converted to radians, ensuring a better radial sampling
These bugs were present in the first FRC code we had adapted for this plugin, and were recently brought to our attention. In case your images are not powers of two, check the value of the FIRE number as it might not be correct with the previous version of the code.
If you are using FRC to compare different images or conditions, and your images do not change size, then the relative differences are still perfectly valid, but absolute values might be off.
A remark from Brian Patton, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow says that the original computation for the numerator was wrong, namely:
code|numerator[i] = dataA1[i] * dataA2[i] + dataB1[i] * dataB2[i]; And should be instead:
Making use of the Fourier Ring Correlation Implementation by Alex Herbert which is itself adapted from the FIRE (Fourier Image REsolution) plugin produced as part of the paper Niewenhuizen, et al (2013). Measuring image resolution in optical nanoscopy. Nature Methods, 10, 557 
There are three threshold methods currently implemented
- Fixed 1/7: Finds the FIRE number when the FRC curve reaches a correlation value of 1/7.
- Half-bit: Threshold method where the intersection of the threshold curve with the FRC defines the point where there is 1/2 bit of information per pixel.
- Three sigma: The intersection of the FRC curve with this threshold defines the value where the FRC begins primarily representing high frequency noise.
Please see the publication van Hell and Schatz, Fourier shell correlation threshold criteria, Journal of Structural Biology 151, 2005 for more information on the calculation of these criteria.
We recommend you use a calibrated image so that your results are in calibrated units (microns, millimeters, etc..) directly. The plugin will always return both the non calibrated values and the calibrated ones as separate columns.
This plugin is available from the PTBIOP Update Site This places it in a “BIOP” Folder in the plugins directory of Fiji/ImageJ
Call up the plugin using Plugins->BIOP->Image Analysis->FRC->FRC Calculation….
You need two images open to perform the FRC.
There is also a Batch Option under Plugins->BIOP->Image Analysis->FRC->FRC Calculation (Batch)…
This dialog needs two folders. The plugin will open one folder, and perform the FRC for each image that has an image in the second folder with the same name.
The plugin writes the FIRE (Fourier Image REsolution) number on a Results Table that gets appended as the plugin gets used. The column name reflects the calibration of the image and the threshold method selected.
The Plugin can display a plot of the FRC curve, along with the LOESS smoothed version of the curve. Finally it displays the threshold method used and the intersection of the FRC with the threshold, providing the FIRE number. The X dimension is in the frequency domain and represents pixels-1
In the case of batch processing, if Save Plot is checked, the plugin creates a new folder in the parent directory called “Graphs” and saves an over-sampled plot with the name of the image and threshold method.
Making use of the GenericDialog class, the plugin is macro-recordable. An example is shown below
run("FRC Calculation...", "image_1=[first_image.tif] image_2=[second_image.tif] resolution=[Fixed 1/7] display"); //Example with batch run("FRC Calculation (Batch)...", "first=[D:\\FRC Tests\\A] second=[D:\\FRC Tests\\B] resolution=[Fixed 1/7] save");
Running from a Plugin
If you would like to use the FRC class in your own plugin, you can either use the one from Alex Herbert on GitHub if you’re already using his excellent SMLM plugins. Otherwise you can use the one that was re-purposed here through the following import
And then use the FRC Class
FRC frc = new FRC(); // Get FIRE Number, assumes you have access to the two image processors. double fire = frc.calculateFireNumber(ip1, ip2, FRC.FIXED_1_OVER_7);
There are other methods to get the FRC curve, see the FRC.java file, which was very well documented.
“Measuring image resolution in optical nanoscopy”, Nat Meth 10: 557–562 .